In the world of martial arts, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) has proven itself to be one of the very most effective arts. Today, it is known as one of the quickest growing martial arts on the globe! Using its growing recognition, it’s important to have a step again and truly understand the fine art of jiu jitsu.
What’s jiu jitsu and just why could it be so popular? This guide features Brazilian jiu jitsu for beginners considering this ever-growing sport!
BJJ Defined – A SHORT Origin Story
BJJ is a martial art that targets grappling and earth fighting. Originally produced from Japanese Ju Jutsu and Judo, BJJ has adapted several aspects from both arts and changed into what it is today. Ju Jutsu (in its original Japanese spelling, means “the soothing art work”) was actually designed as a self-defense skill in the feudal samurai days. Because striking their armored opponents was not effective, the fine art was developed to close the space by neutralizing opponents with throws and joint locking techniques.
In the later part of the 1880s, Jigoro Kano developed Kadokan Judo. Students of JuJutsu himself, Kano developed an art that centers more on the throwing facet of the skill. He was a company believer that resisting a far more powerful challenger is futile; altering and evading opponents causes them to reduce balance and ability. This allowed a much weaker challenger to master the strong! Have a look at this video, this old man just destroys his bigger opponents!
In the video, a 75 year old Kyuzo Mifune demonstrates the energy of judo, outclassing his heavier opponents with ease! This just comes to show that it is not all about brute strength and drive that can topple your opposition, sometimes simple strategy, leverage, and experience can make an enormous difference in the results of the match! Judo is becoming so popular, it eventually became Japan’s nationwide style, and is becoming an Olympic sport.
Jiu Jitsu in Brazil
Jiu Jitsu found its way to Brazil the first 1900s. Mitsuyo Maeda, one of Jigoro Kano’s top Judo groundwork experts, was delivered surrounding the world to show Kano’s Judo (or Kano’s Jiu Jitsu as it was referred to back then). Gastão Gracie, an enterprise spouse in a circus in Brazil, launched Maeda to demonstrate his skills. So impressed along with his techniques, Gastão asked Maeda to defend myself against his 14 time old guy Carlos as you of his students.
3 years later, Gastão moved his family to Rio de Janeiro, where Carlos and his younger brother Helio spread Maeda’s teachings. Since Helio was a little fragile and weak, he fine-tuned and developed his style that proved helpful for his physique, focusing more on timing, strategy, and leverage somewhat than quickness and strength.
Helio vs Kimura – A Jiu Jitsu Challenge!
To prove his own twist to Jiu Jitsu, Helio challenged people who have many differing backgrounds. He challenged boxers, wrestlers, capoeira fighters, and judo experts. All were unable to best him… so much so that folks thought it was staged!
Media of his victories eventually brought over Japanese Jiu Jitsu champ Masahiko Kimura. A very hesitant Kimura didn’t even want to take the deal with since he outweighed Helio by over 80 pounds! He do eventually undertake the match, see the action below!
Kimura eventually got Helio in the Kimura arm lock, practically snapping Helio’s shoulder. Helio’s older brother Carlos threw in the towel, declaring Kimura the victor! Although Helio has lost that match, it possessed gained him the admiration of the best on the planet! This sparked the delivery of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. Helio Gracie is undoubtedly the originator of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu as we know it today.
THE RULES OF Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
So how will it work? What exactly are the rules of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?
There are four primary goals in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu whether you are a top player or underneath guard player
Take your opponent down OR draw them into your Guard
Go your opponent’s officer OR Sweep you opponent
Enter a dominant position
Submit your opponent
Different Position in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
The Standup Game
BJJ competitions start with both opponents at a standing position. This is done by using some judo grip struggling with techniques, throws, journeys, wrestling, grappling maneuvers, etc. The goal is to get the challenger to the bottom.
For fighting generally, it is nearly sure that the attack will finish up to the bottom. It’s the wiser choice to really get your opposition down. You significantly reduce their explosive potential and stunning momentum when they are on the floor. When you get them to the bottom, you are in charge!
Once the opposition is on the ground, another goal becomes transferring the opponent’s officer. This fundamentally means that the top player must cross underneath player’s legs to find yourself in a prominent position. Legs are strong and dangerous! They are able to keep you far away or even lock you down!
Even an untrained fighter can knock someone away with an upkick! Once you get past the legs, this starts the bottom game. That’s where the true fun begins!
THE BOTTOM Positions
Although there’s a little bit of operate required, BJJ focuses more on the floor fighting facet of grappling (or “newaza” as it is commonly referred to in Judo). Most colleges do focus nearly all their techniques upon this aspect. There are many activities and submissions out there, but before diving into that, it’s important to first understand the essential positions.
The shield is a position where in fact the bottom opponent lays on his back and keeps his/her legs before the most notable opponent to keep them away, lock them set up, or get them off balance to find the sweep. Of most BJJ techniques, the safeguard has essentially the most variations out of most positions.
The guard positions can be generalized into three types:
The Closed Officer, sometimes generally known as the Full Safeguard, is most likely one of the very most fundamental techniques you would learn in virtually any school. That is officer position hair the opponent set up by wrapping the legs round the opponent’s hips and interlocking the ankles jointly. This traps the opposition from freely active and passing your safeguard. Thus giving you lots of chance to either episode with submissions or sweep them over, so you can get in to the more prominent position!
In this position, underneath person traps the most notable person’s leg to prevent them from completing their cross. This is considered as the halfway point for the opponent to be in your closed safeguard and passing your officer for the medial side support position. This can be a quite dangerous position if you aren’t careful! You are just one single step from being approved and placed into an extremely bad position! However, more capable players actually such as this position a great deal because it opens up a whole lot of sweeps and transitions.